Dr Martin Axmann, a political scientist specializing in ethno-nationalist movements in the Indian subcontinent, earned his MA in political science, international law, and economics from the Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg in 1997, followed by a PhD in political science in 2007. With extensive fieldwork primarily focused on Pakistan, particularly in Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and the Iran-Pakistan trans-border region of Balochistan, Dr Axmann explores state and nation-building in the post-colonial world. His research delves into the emergence of sub-nationalist movements within larger nation-states. Having engaged in international development cooperation in Pakistan and Afghanistan, Dr Axmann is currently a freelance consultant for semi- and non-governmental organizations in Germany. His ongoing research centres on the evolution of the Baloch national movement in Pakistan, emphasizing the role of natural resources as both a cause and target of conflict. Author of the book ‘Back to the Future: The Khanate of Kalat and the Genesis of Baloch Nationalism 1915-1955,’ Dr Axmann examines the emergence and development of Baloch ethnic, political, and national identity before and after the creation of Pakistan.